world war two transport ships

"According to our [U. S. National Archives] records, in 1951 the Department of the Army destroyed all passenger lists, manifests, logs of vessels, and troop movement files of United States Army Transports for World War II." The British government, for example, aided both Cunard and the White Star Line in constructing the liners RMS Mauretania, RMS Aquitania, RMS Olympic and RMS Britannic. Media related to Troop ships at Wikimedia Commons, "Troop transport" redirects here. Troopships used during World War II included passenger liners such as SS America, C2s, C3s, C4s, Liberty and Victory ships, foreign ships taken over by the USA such as the Saturnia. When they were fully converted, each could carry well over 10,000 troops per trip. Pinguin – A German auxiliary cruiser which served as a commerce raider in World War II that captured or sunk 32 ships. Troopship : Wikipedia’s short entry on the topic, ending with the note that today, soldiers pretty much fly on planes rather than get moved by ship. In the era of the Cold War, the United States designed the United States ship so that it could easily be converted from a liner to a troopship, in case of war. Ships are designated to the country under which they operated for the longest period of the World War II, regardless of where they were built or previous service history. Operationally, standard troopships–often drafted from commercial shipping fleets–cannot land troops directly on shore, typically loading and unloading at a seaport or onto smaller vessels, either tenders or barges. World War II Troop Ships claims no ownership of the images displayed on this site except for those expressly stated to have been photographed by "Shayne E. Wallesch". Ships known by a number, such as German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded. 623.82'1939/1945' 2. All U.S. Navy Transports of World War II; listed by class, with descriptions and links to individual ships. For troops transported by helicopter, see, APPENDIX B: VICTORY TROOPSHIP CONVERSIONS, http://ww2troopships.com/ships/q/queenmary/default.htm, Project Liberty Ship: Armament Aboard SS JOHN W. BROWN, Troop Ship of World War II, April 1947, Page 356-357, Binghamton NY Press Grayscale 1945 – Fulton History, Oct. 15, 1945, "1941 Dunera Boys Hay Internment Camp Collection", "Last voyage for Canberra, the Great White Whale of the Falklands", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Troopship&oldid=995846434, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000 tons or greater are listed. Here shells are being unloaded at Brielen, just north of Ypres, on 3 August 1917. These lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships. There are a total of [ 50 ] WW2 British Warships and Submarines (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Some uncompleted Axisships … Details of these can be found in: 1. Commercial shippping ceased, and the War Shipping Administration made all decisions regarding cargo and destinations. Individual liners capable of exceptionally high speed transited without escorts; smaller or older liners with poorer performance were protected by operating in convoys. Some uncompleted Axis ships are included, out of historic interest. Converted to Attack Transport APA-2: AP-17: Harry Lee: 1940 1943: 9989 Converted to Attack Transport APA-10: AP-1: ... World War II on the World Wide Web. Selected Troopships of WWII - Scroll down to see total list. Source: Troopships of World War II by Roland W. Charles, published by the Army Transportation Association, Washington, D.C., 1947 Troop ships for which additional information is available on this website. "According to our [U. S. National Archives] records, in 1951 the Department of the Army destroyed all passenger lists, manifests, logs of vessels, and troop movement files of United States Army Transports for World War II." In the 19th century, navies frequently chartered civilian ocean liners, and from the start of the 20th century painted them gray and added a degree of armament; their speed, originally intended to minimize passage time for civilian user, proved valuable for outrunning submarines and enemy cruisers in war. By Stephen Sherman, June, 2007.Updated January 27, 2012. Railways provided the enormous logistical capacity needed to support huge armies in the field for years on end, including transportation of millions of artillery shells. Commercial shippping ceased, and the War Shipping Administration made all decisions regarding cargo and destinations. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. Queen Mary holds the all-time record, with 15,740 troops on a single passage in late July 1943,[3] transporting a staggering 765,429 military personnel during the war.[3]. This page lists all of the ship classes used during World War II. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of 1945. List of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons, List of major World War II warships built by minor powers, "Royal Navy operations in the Second World War", "US Navy Inactive Classification Symbols", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, "Vedenia motor torpedo boats (1943–1944)", History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_ship_classes_of_World_War_II&oldid=979414189, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 September 2020, at 16:27. Most major naval powers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries provided their domestic shipping lines with subsidies to build fast ocean liners capable of conversions to auxiliary cruisers during wartime. The List of ships of World War II is an alphabetical list of major military ships of World War II. Today, 104 years old, she serves with the Russian Navy supporting submersibles. World War II Troop Ships claims no ownership of the images displayed on this site except for those expressly stated to have been photographed by "Shayne E. Wallesch". In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. During the First World War, the U.S. Navy's Transport Force (also called the Cruiser and Transport Force) employed forty-five commissioned ships to transport American service personnel across the Atlantic to the European combat zone. Ships known by a number, such as German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded. Attack transport is a United States Navy ship classification for a variant of ocean-going troopship adapted to transporting invasion forces ashore. Landing Ship, Tank (LST), or tank landing ship, is the naval designation for ships first developed during World War II (1939–1945) to support amphibious operations by carrying tanks, vehicles, cargo, and landing troops directly onto shore with no docks or piers.This enabled amphibious assaults on almost any beach.. The ship participated in many of the Pacific campaigns during World War 2. Two technologies that were crucial in shaping the First World War were railways and artillery. Only actual classes are included as opposed to unique ships (which are still included if they were the only one of a class to be built, for example, HMS Hood was the first of the four planned Admiral-class battlecruisers, but the other three were cancelled.)[1][2][3][4]. For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. If you have information about a crossing, please submit your information.. This list also includes ships that were planned as a class but only one was completed. For smaller vessels, see also List of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. The modern troopship has as long a history as passenger ships do, as most maritime nations enlisted their support in military operations (either by leasing the vessels or by impressing them into service) when their normal naval forces were deemed insufficient for the task. World War II Ships Battleships and Battlecruisers These ships of the line were still considered the central components of the navies of all world powers at the start of the war, but by the war's end, these floating fortresses found their roles dramatically changed at the face of air power. USS American Legion was a Harris -class attack transport launched in 1919 that saw extensive service in World War II Soldiers climb down netting on the sides of the attack transport USS McCawley on 14 June 1943, rehearsing for landings on New Georgia A loaded Bayfield … Of 401 crew, 341 were lost along with 214 of the 238 prisoners aboard. Ships of World War II Kriegsmarine ( Germany) Dutch Navy ( Netherlands) Royal Norwegian Navy ( Norway) Royal Australian Navy ( Australia) Brazilian Navy ( Brazil) Royal Danish Navy ( Denmark) Romanian Navy ( Romania) Yugoslav Navy ( Yugoslavia) Republic of China Navy ( China) Most of the surviving World War II-era ships are small, displacing two thousand tons or less. This list does not include individual ships that were part of a class. Large numbers of troopships were employed during World War II, including 220 "Limited Capacity" Liberty ship conversions, 30 Type C4 ship-based General G. O. Squier-class, a class of 84 Victory ship conversions, and a small number of Type-C3-S-A2 ship-based dedicated transports, and 15 classes of attack transports, of which some 400 alone were built. The List of ship classes of World War II is an alphabetical list of all ship classes that served … For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. The modified Liberties were capable of transporting up to 450, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 05:24. The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. However, the only aircraft specifically developed during the war for this purpose was the Fairchild/North American C-82 Packet that did not see service until after the war. Concrete ships were not unheard of prior the Atlantus and her World War I-era contemporaries. Unlike standard troopships – often drafted from the merchant fleet – that rely on either a quay or tenders, attack transports carry their own fleet of landing craft, such as the landing craft, vehicle, personnel (LCVP) or Higgins boat. Ships of the Royal Navy in World War II Battleships, Aircraft Carriers, Cruisers. On 8 May 1941 she was sunk in a battle with HMS Cornwall in the Indian Ocean. RMS Queen Mary and RMS Queen Elizabeth were two of the most famous converted liners of World War II. HMT Olympic even rammed and sank a U-boat during one of its wartime crossings. Some uncompleted Axis ships are included, out of historic interest. This list of ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. Troops and Cargo Transported During World War II under U.S. Army Control In February 1942, all merchant ships were requisitioned by the U.S. government. During World War II scores of ships carried thousands of troops to and from the United States, Europe, Great Britain, Africa, Asia and Australia. Warships and Submarines (1941-1945) entries in the Military Factory. There are a total of [ 132 ] WW2 U.S. 35, No. Jane's Fighting Ships, an illustrated guide to classes of Royal Navy vessels, annual editions for 1939–1945. World War II Troopship Crossings departing in 1944. The First World War was a war of colossal land battles on the continent of Europe, but it was the ability of the Allies at sea to sustain global transport and supply that determined their ability to prevail in the conflict. World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. The list of ships of World War II contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. The list may also include several ships commissioned before World War II. 555 1942 Italy The List of ship classes of World War II is an alphabetical list of all ship classes that served in World War II. During World War II there was little debate as to what was desired of a transport aircraft: it was one that was equally useful for the delivery of either cargo or troops to their destination. Ships to transport troops were used in Antiquity. The designation HMT (Her/His Majesty's Transport) would normally replace RMS (Royal Mail Ship), MV (Motor Vessel) or SS (Steamship) for ships converted to troopship duty with the United Kingdom's Royal Navy. The oldest known concrete ship was a dinghy built … Click here to view a site map. Ships are designated to the country under which they operated for the longest period of the Second World War, regardless of … World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime. Ancient Rome used the navis lusoria, a small vessel powered by rowers and sail, to move soldiers on the Rhine and Danube.[2]. "HMT" was also used, for a while, to designate "Hired Military Transport."[16][17]. Concrete ships were not unheard of prior the Atlantus and her World War I-era contemporaries. All cruisers were named under the same convention which used the names of American cities, such as USS Portland (CA-33). Converted to Attack Transport APA-2: AP-17: Harry Lee: 1940 1943: 9989 Converted to Attack Transport APA-10: AP-1: ... World War II on the World Wide Web. Troopships used during World War II included passenger liners such as SS America, C2s, C3s, C4s, Liberty and Victory ships, foreign ships taken over by the USA such as the Saturnia. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. As with other ship classes, ship names were often reused after the loss of a vessel. Click here to view a site map. (Records of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, RG 38) John M. Jacobs had been in Manila when the Japanese captured the Philippines in the early stages of World War II, and now, in 1944, he was a prisoner of war, or POW, in the Bilibid Prison in Manila. More recently, Queen Elizabeth 2 and Canberra were requisitioned by the Royal Navy to carry British soldiers to the Falklands War. However, the only aircraft specifically developed during the war for this purpose was the Fairchild/North American C … Designated AH-4, it brought back home 1,977 patients from France in 1918). However, when the vulnerability of these ships to return fire was realized during World War I most were used instead as troopships or hospital ships. Some British merchant ships were bought into the Royal Navy and commissioned as warships. The ships, which served the U.S. in four wars - World War Two, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and Desert Storm - are now stationed in Suisun Bay, 30 miles north east of San Francisco. [18] By the end of the twentieth century, nearly all long-distance personnel transfer was done by airlift in military transport aircraft. The ships, which served the U.S. in four wars - World War Two, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and Desert Storm - are now stationed in Suisun Bay, 30 miles north east of San Francisco. The United States used two designations: WSA for troopships operated by the War Shipping Administration using Merchant Marine crews, and USS (United States Ship) for vessels accepted into and operated by the United States Navy. Colledge, J J, Ships of the Royal Navy (London: Greenhill Books, volumes 1 and 2, revised edition 1987–89).623.82(42) Other ships employed on Government service are shown in the Admiralty service lists, printed by the Ministry of Transport, 1946–… British Troopships : Images of many ships used by the British. Initially troopships adapted as attack transports were designated AP; starting in 1942 keel-up attack transports received the designation APA. Two of the most famous passenger ships, the RMS Queen Mary and RMS Queen Elizabeth were converted into troopships during World War II to transport men to the fighting fronts. Large numbers of troopships were employed during World War II, including 220 "Limited Capacity" Liberty ship conversions, 30 Type C4 ship-based General G. O. Squier-class, a class of 84 Victory ship conversions, and a small number of Type-C3-S-A2 ship-based dedicated transports, and 15 classes of attack transports, of which some 400 alone were built. All U.S. Navy Transports of World War II; listed by class, with descriptions and links to individual ships. Acadia Troopships were operated by the Army Transportation Service, with "civilian" mariners; by the U.S. Navy; and the War Shipping Administration. During World War II there was little debate as to what was desired of a transport aircraft: it was one that was equally useful for the delivery of either cargo or troops to their destination. The List of ships of World War II is an alphabetical list of major military ships of World War II. Regardless of whatever enemy she faced in World War 2, the Royal Navy and her powerful warships fought with fervor on all fronts. Attack transports,[1] a variant of ocean-going troopship adapted to transporting invasion forces ashore, carry their own fleet of landing craft. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. Landing ships beach themselves and bring their troops directly ashore. Born from the ashes of Pearl Harbor, the United States Navy became a force to be reckoned with in the Second World War. Acadia The oldest known concrete ship was a dinghy built … 4 By Lee A. Gladwin The Oryoku Maru under attack at Olongapo, Luzon, December 14–15, 1944. Troops and Cargo Transported During World War II under U.S. Army Control In February 1942, all merchant ships were requisitioned by the U.S. government. The list is in chronological order by departure date. By World War II, the US Navy had two main cruiser types: light cruisers, with 6-inch guns and heavy cruisers, with 8-inch guns. The invasion of France consisted of two methods of transportation of troops, supplies and weapons; in … World War II Ships Battleships and Battlecruisers These ships of the line were still considered the central components of the navies of all world powers at the start of the war, but by the war's end, these floating fortresses found their roles dramatically changed at the face of air power. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed. Selected Troopships of WWII - Scroll down to see total list. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of 1945. WWI Ship Name Index Return to WWI Auxiliaries.. U.S. NAVY TEMPORARY AUXILIARY SHIPS, 1917-1919 World War I Era Transports --Organized by Type. In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships. T he Royal Navy, still the largest in the world in September 1939, included 15 battleships, 7 aircraft carriers, 66 cruisers, 184 destroyers, 60 submarines, and many smaller craft. Source: Troopships of World War II by Roland W. Charles, published by the Army Transportation Association, Washington, D.C., 1947 Troop ships for which additional information is available on this website. The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. An Empire ship is a merchant ship that was given a name beginning with "Empire" in the service of the Government of the United Kingdom during and after World War II.Most were used by the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT), which owned them and contracted their operation to various shipping companies of the British Merchant Navy.. Troopships were operated by the Army Transportation Service, with "civilian" mariners; by the U.S. Navy; and the War Shipping Administration. Docked at Guam in May 1945, after returning with casualties from the Okinawa campaign (this was the second Navy Hospital Ship operating under the name Mercy. Troopships of World War II: Information from the American Merchant Marine At War site. 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German auxiliary cruiser which served as a class but only one was completed ships of the Royal Navy carry! 1,977 patients from France in 1918 ) well over 10,000 troops per trip of interest... Were two of the most famous converted liners of World War II Troop ships is a `` Fang Ramses... Traveled on U.S. Army ships as well sunk 32 ships of operations were intentionally. Reused after the loss of a vessel please submit your information convention which used names. Found in: 1 Fighting ships, an illustrated guide to classes of Royal vessels! Is an alphabetical list of major military world war two transport ships of World War I-era contemporaries attack! A crossing, please e-mail ww2_troopships @ comcast.net of ships of World War contains major military vessels of ship... Of many ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed in... All U.S. Navy Transports of World War II France in 1918 ) 401 crew, 341 were along. 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